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Dooshivish (Allergy): Care & lifestyle modifications by Ayurveda

Dr. Imlikumba, Health Naturally Clinic, Mercy Building: Kevijau colony, Dimapur: Nagaland.
Published on 25 Jun. 2017 7:12 PM IST
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(Having allergy doesn’t mean your body is broken it means your body is highly intelligent.)
In Ayurveda concept Concept of Dooshivisha is very unique. It can be applied to various hypersensitivity reactions of the body. Dooshivisha is a low potent poisonous substance which resides in the body and vitiates dhatus when favorable conditions occur. 
According to Sushruta (Father of Surgery) Dooshivisha mean “a part of Sthaawara, Jaangama or Krttrim Visha, which cannot be removed from the body but instead becomes less potent after digestion or the counter action of antidotes stays in the body for a long period and vitiating it slowly is called Dooshivisha. 
"Allergy" is derived from the ancient Greek word Allos meaning "other" and ergon meaning "work". 
Allergy is hypersensitivity disorder of the immune system. Allergic reactions occur when a person's immune system responds abnormally to normally harmless substances in the environment. 
A substance that initiates reaction is called as Allergen. This concept in Ayurveda falls under the concept of Dooshivisha. 
Dooshivisha: Concept of dooshivisha in Ayurveda is very unique and applicable to present condition of the universe. Basically there is no separate entity as dooshivisha. Dooshivisha is the part of Sthavara(land), jangama (forest), kritrima (artificial)  visha (poison). 
They enters body and vitiates dhatu when conditions are favorable. Dooshivisha is any kind of poison originating from inanimate or animate sources or any artificial poison retained in the body after partial expulsion or which has provisionally undergone medication or which is deviod natural suppliments or nutrition.
Allergy: Allergies stem from an inappropriate reaction of the immune system to certain proteins. These proteins are known as allergens, and they are usually common and harmless substances such as pollen, mold spores, animal dander, dust, various foods, insect venoms, or medicines. 
The immune system is designed to identify intruders within the body and get rid of them. For an allergic person, however, the immune system has a hard time identifying which are the dangerous intruders, and which are okay. 
An allergic person has a hypersensitive immune system, which singles out a harmless substance (like the allergens mentioned above), then attacks it. An allergy is a hypersensitivity disorder of the immune system.  Allergic reactions occur when a person's immune system reacts to normally harmless substances in the environment. 
A substance that causes a reaction is called an allergen. 
These reactions are acquired, predictable, and rapid. Allergy is one of four forms of hypersensitivity and is formally called type I hypersensitivity. 
Allergic reactions are distinctive because of excessive activation of certain white blood cells called mast cells and basophiles by a type of antibody called Immunoglobulin E (IgE). 
This reaction results in an inflammatory response which can range from uncomfortable to dangerous. In the modern era, various pollutants (poisonous substance) are produced due to Industrialization and Agriculture. Our body gets exposed to such allergens through water, air and food. The exposure of skin to such pollutants is very high resulting in various types of allergic reaction.
Causes of allergy in respect with Visha: 
Sthavar Visha: Latex, Dust, Pollen, Food-Tomatoes, Metals Minerals Etc Jangam Visha: Snakes, Animal Dander, Insect Stings, Fish And Shellfish, Pork Etc 
Krutrim Visha: Tartrazine, Hydroxybenzoates, Sulphites, Perfumes, Salicylates, Drugs- Asprin, Antibiotics Etc Because of its poor potency it cannot kill the person quickly, and remains in the body for many years enveloped by kapha.
Signs of Dooshivisha: Shonita dushti (Vitiates blood ), Aru (Eczema in the head ), Kitibha (Psoriasis), Kotha (Urticaria ), Atisara (Diarrhoea).
Symptoms of Dooshivisha
Affected OrganSymptoms
Nose-Swelling of the nasal mucosa (allergic rhinitis)
Sinuses-Allergic sinusitis
Eyes-Redness and itching of the conjunctiva (allergic conjunctivitis)
Airways-Sneezing, coughing, bronco constriction, wheezing and dyspnea, sometimes outright attacks of asthma, in severe cases the airway constricts due to swelling known as laryngeal edema
Ears-Feeling of fullness, possibly pain, and impaired hearing due to the lack of Eustachian tube drainage.
Skin-Rashes, such as eczema and hives (urticaria)
Gastrointestinal-Abdominal pain, bloating, vomiting, diarrhea
Effect of Dooshivisha on Body: Diarrhea, Discoloration of the skin, Becomes a patient of vitiated blood, Thirst, Anorexia, Vomiting, Fainting, Delusion, Diseases of Digestive system, Infertility.
Chikitsa (Treatment): According to ayurveda treatment can be divided into three phases. 
Shodhana Chikitsa
Shamana Chikitsa 
Principles of treatment of Dooshivisha (Allergy): Yogaratnakara has given new dimensions in the treatment of Dooshivisha (Allergy). According to him it is necessary to use Krimighna (Antihelmentic) and Dadrughna (Tinea) drugs. 
Bhavaprakasha has advocated Shodhana (Detoxification), Shamana (Reducing) and Bahi Parimarjana Chikitsa (External)  in Dooshivisha. Chakradutta has clearly and systematically described the Shamana Chikitsa of these diseases giving considerable importance to Doshagati (Movement of Doshas). 
He has advised that the individuals suffering from Dooshivisha (Allergy) can be given either sheeta(cold) or ushna (hot) ahara (food) and paniyas (drinks) with due consideration to Doshagati. 
Shodhana Chikitsa
Vamana: Vaman means that they are planning to induce a controlled vomiting in you. Controlled vomiting means- it is planned, it is induced and vomiting is expected to run for a definite amount of time and then it is planned to stop. Emesis should be given with decoction of Patola and Arishtaka. 
Virechana: Virechan therapy is a type of Panchakarma treatment. Here, person is made to undergo controlled purgation for a specific amount of time. 
It is designed to flush out body toxins. Liver detox, colon detox etc. procedures that are quite famous now-a-day are derivatives of Virechana therapy. Purgation should be given with decoction of Triphala, Guggulu and Pippali Shodhan Chikitsa Should followed by oral Dooshivishari Agad.
The drug which used in Dooshivisha Chikitsa (Allergy): Dooshivishari agada, Tankan Yog, Srkaradilecha, Krutrim Vishagruha Tail.
Pathya-Apathya: It plays an important role in the management of any disease. Pathya is that which is suitable to the disease and to the diseased. Apathya is unsuitable and which aggravates the disease process leading to more discomfort to the patients.
Pathya: Jeerna Shali (fresh harvested rice), Shigru Shaka (drum stick), Jangala Mamsa (forest animal meat), Triphala, Vetragra Phala, Madhu (honey), Potika Shaka, Mudga Yusha, Tittira Rasa, Shalincha Shaka, Katu, Tikta, KashayaRasa (bitter, astigent, spicy taste foods), Kulattha Yusha, Lava Rasa, Karkotaka Shaka (meat soup of kulattha,lava,karkotaka birds), Ushnodaka (luke warm water), Karavellaka Shaka (bittergourd juice), Dadima Phala (pomengranate), Shushka Moolaka Yusha (radish yusha)
Apathya Ahara and Vihara - Ksheera vikarani (milk products), Ikshu vikarani (sugarcane products), Matsya (fish), Divaswapna (day sleep), Anupa - Audaka mamsa (meat of marshy and airid lands), Virudhahara (incompatible foods), Chhardi Nigraha (controlling vomiting), Naveena Madhya (freshly prepared alcohol and alcohol products) and Snigdha (oily),  Amla (sour), Madhura (sweet), Guru (heavy), Annapana (food products)
Conclusion: Concept of allergy was described in Ayurveda as Dooshivisha. Dooshivisha is very vast concept which includes allergy also. Ayurveda has lot of potential in the treatment aspect of allergic reaction. Allergy is not curable it can just be controlled and prevented. Avoiding the cause of the disease and change of lifestyle and diet and regimes are the ways to prevent it. 
Besides adding Ayurveda drugs to boost your immunity is the answer to it along with modifications in diet and lifestyle. 
Ayurvedic medicine are very slow to act but are free from any side-effects and the patient should have patience to see its effect. 
NOTE: Ayurvedic medicines and treatments should be taken under Qualified Ayurvedic Doctor/Physician. 
The drugs described in this article are for general information/educational purpose only. Anyone should not use these without consulting a qualified Ayurveda doctor/physician.

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