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Hijama/cupping: Alternate treatment for different diseases
Dr. Imlikumba MO (Ayur) Bokajan PHC, B.A.M.S, M.D (Panchakarma), KRTC (Jamnagar), Email:  :  Apr/11/2017 06:06:PM
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Cupping, called Hijama by the Muslims is the application of suction cups to the skin to draw out stagnant, congested blood. Cupping therapy is an ancient form of alternative medicine in which the practitioner puts special cups on your skin for a few minutes to create suction. People get it for many purposes, including helping with pain, inflammation, blood flow, relaxation and well-being, and as a type of deep-tissue massage. It will be necessary to consult with a qualified practitioner before undergoing cupping and then have it performed by one who has adequate medical training.
This safe and natural healing treatment is a lesser-known technique that’s starting to come to light due to the overwhelming amount of celebrities getting caught on camera with the red marks associated with cupping. Including; Lena Dunham, Anna Lyne McCord, Gwyneth Paltrow and Jennifer Aniston. Cupping has gained publicity in recent times due to its use by American sport celebrities Michael Phelps, Indian cricketer Virat Kholi, singer Justin Bieber, Britney Spears etc. Cupping therapy might be trendy now, but it’s not new. It dates back to ancient Egyptian, Chinese, and Middle Eastern cultures. One of the oldest medical textbooks in the world, the Ebers Papyrus, describes how the ancient Egyptians used cupping therapy in 1,550 B.C
 Usually, the cups are made of glass, but they can also be made of bamboo, bone, horn or metal. The classical method for creating suction in the cup is to use fire to consume the air within it. Cupping is a form of blood-letting that involves first making an incision on the skin, then applying the suction cups to suck out small amounts of blood.
Types: There are different methods of cupping, including:
 Dry Cupping
 Fire Cupping
 Wet Cupping
Dry cupping
The cupping procedure commonly involves creating a small area of low air pressure next to the skin. However, there are varieties in the tools used, the methods of creating the low pressure, and the procedures followed during the treatment. In practice, cups are normally used only on softer tissue that can form a good seal with the edge of the cup. They may be used singly or with many to cover a larger area. Skin markings are common after the cups are removed, varying from simple red rings that disappear relatively quickly, to discolouration from bruising. 
Fire Cupping: 
Fire cupping involves soaking a cotton ball in almost pure alcohol. The cotton is clamped by a pair of forceps and lit via match, and, in one motion, placed into the cup and quickly removed, while the cup is placed on the skin. Fire heats the inside of the cup and a small amount of suction is created by the air cooling down again and contracting. Massage oil may be applied to create a better seal as well as allow the cups to glide over muscle in an act called "moving cupping". Dark circles may appear where the cups were placed because of rupture of the capillaries just under the skin. 
Wet Cupping: 
The practice of cupping therapy has survived in Muslim countries. Today, wet cupping is a popular remedy practiced in many parts of the world. Modern version of cupping uses a rubber pump instead of fire to create the vacuum inside the cup. Wet cupping creates a mild suction by leaving a cup in place for about 3 minutes. The practitioner then removes the cup and uses a small scalpel to make light, tiny cuts on your skin. Next, he or she does a second suction to draw out a small quantity of blood.
Cupping therapy may be effective for various diseases and conditions, such as: Herpes Zoster, Acne, Facial Paralysis, Herpes Zoster, Pain Management, Cervical Spondylosis, diseases such as Arthritis and Fibromyalgia, Fertility and Gynaecological disorders, Skin problems such as eczema and acne, High blood pressure, Migraines, Anxiety and depression, Bronchial congestion caused by allergies and asthma, Varicose veins, Relieves back and neck pain, Stiff Muscles, Anxiety, Fatigue, Rheumatism
 NOTE: Treatments like cupping procedures should be taken under Qualified Ayurvedic Doctor/Physician/Surgeon. The procedure described in this article is for general information/educational purpose only.

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