Post Mortem

Public awareness on malaria

By Nagaland Post | Publish Date: 6/7/2019 12:58:08 PM IST

 What is Malaria?

• Malaria is a disease characterized by fever which is caused by the bite of female anopheles mosquito. In Nagaland, two types of malaria are found: malaria caused by Plasmodium vivax and malaria caused by Plasmodium falciparum. Falciparum malaria is the more severe of the two.
What are the signs and symptoms of Malaria?
• Fever with chills and rigor
• Associated with headache and vomiting
• Sweating after each episode of fever
• Feeling of weakness and tiredness
• Danger signs of severe malaria are: High fever with change in behavior, consciousness, drowsiness, inability to sit or walk; repeated vomiting; passage of small quantity urine/no urine/black urine; severe diarrhea and dehydration; unexplained heavy bleeding from nose, gums, or other sites.
How is Malaria Spread?
• When an infected female anopheles mosquito bites a healthy human being, the parasite spreads in the body of the individual and the person gets sick after a few days. 
• When a mosquito bites such a malaria patient, the parasite enters the mosquito with the blood meal and multiplies there. 
Where does the malaria transmitting mosquito breed?
• Mosquito breeds in stagnant water. The female mosquito lays eggs on the surface of water. After a few days, larva emerges from the eggs which grow into adult mosquitoes.
• Mosquito breeding places in the cities are: Overhead open water tanks, broken utensils, discarded tyres, utensils without covers, construction sites, clogged drains, potholes, etc.
• Mosquito breeding sites in the villages are: Paddy fields, ponds covered with grass/swamp, unused wells, wheel tracks, animal hoof marks, peri-domestic water collections.
How do we care for patients who are suspected to be suffering from Malaria? 
• First and most important is to do a blood test to diagnose malaria. Testing facilities are widely and freely available all over Nagaland. Rapid test kits are available which can detect falciparum malaria on the spot.
• If malaria is confirmed, early and complete treatment is essential. Medicines for both types of malaria are made available for free.
How can we control malaria?
• Remove breeding site (stagnant water bodies) of mosquitoes as stated above
• Fit wire-netting (screening) of doors and windows of houses
• Use mosquito nets. Insecticide treated bed nets are available which not only act as physical barriers, but also reduce mosquito population.
• Use mosquito repellent cream or coil/liquidator
• Wear long sleeve clothes when going outdoors in mosquito infested areas
• Rear larvivorous fishes (which eats up mosquito larva) in stagnant water bodies 
• Spread awareness on control of vector and to seek early medical care.
National Vector Borne Disease Control 
Programme (NVBDCP), Directorate of Health and Family Welfare, 
Nagaland, Kohima

Launched on December 3,1990. Nagaland Post is the first and highest circulated newspaper of Nagaland state. Nagaland Post is also the first newspaper in Nagaland to be published in multi-colour.

Desk:+91-3862-248 489, e-mail: Fax: +91-3862-248 500
Advt.:+91-3862-2482 267,



Join us on

© Nagaland Post 2018. All Rights are Reserved
Designed by : 4C Plus