Editorial

Unemployment bomb

By Nagaland Post | Publish Date: 5/6/2019 12:01:44 PM IST

 Out of around 8000 candidates who passed the recent HSSLC examination 2019 it is expected that around 5000 would graduate out of colleges under Nagaland University in the coming years. That many graduates are expected to add to the already growing number of unemployed in Nagaland. There are approximately around nearly 1,00,000 unemployed graduates in the state as per estimates. This is indeed a very serious matter which needs to be properly addressed. It is a ticking time bomb that is going to explode in the next 10-15years given the unemployment rate of growth and leaves us all in a befuddle condition with an insurmountable task of coming to a solution. In the year 2016, there were 70,422 unemployed youths registered in the life register of the Department of Labor & Employment, that was two years ago by 2018 the number must have jumped to above hundred thousand unemployed youths. Unemployment has been Out of the staggering number of students graduating barely, 2000-3000 will see employment in both Government jobs and self-employment. The biggest problem is what will happen to the rest? There is hardly any small scale industry and this has compounded the issue. Thousands continue to run from pillar to post seeking employment but there are no openings except the few hundred in the government. This has only made the government and its sectors as the only agencies for employment. The number of employed is approximately 10% of the total population of Nagaland that also includes work-charged employees. That there are around one lakh unemployed graduates is like a time bomb. This is a staggering number and which is almost double the normal ratio in almost all states. Efforts at imparting skills to youths is a positive step but then after the short term training, jobs opportunities do not expand but remain limited. Even government jobs are not enough when the competition is stiff and any presumed favour or even leniency has the potential of exploding into charges of corruption. There had been several accusations over such selection procedures in the past and though the official explanation may have some ground, yet does not remove that lingering suspicion of some dubious procedures. All the charges may not stand scrutiny yet there cannot be smoke also without fire too. Till today, despite several years of expansion of government through bifurcation of departments or creation of new ones and also the policy of promoting entrepreneurship; unemployment continues to rise. These efforts have proved incapable of absorbing a significant segment among the rising number of unemployed youth in the state. To add to the problem, the state’s economy is on unsure ground, no industries and restricted opportunities for investments in private enterprises owing to the feeling of insecurity. Since private enterprise is the key, the quantum of jobs likely to be created within a time frame through some ventures, should be prepared. However, private enterprise can only thrive in a congenial environment and absence of which, has had a negative impact on the growth of the economy. A long term objective needs to be spelt out and action taken in this regard which also includes the necessity of decisively implementing an economic vision that can be sustained and bring long term benefits to the people.

Launched on December 3,1990. Nagaland Post is the first and highest circulated newspaper of Nagaland state. Nagaland Post is also the first newspaper in Nagaland to be published in multi-colour.

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