Sunday, January 29, 2023

Another rejoinder against Mezoma claims of Anglo -Naga Peace treaty

It is noted that Mezoma Mechü Kehou(MMK) carried out a stone-pulling ceremony in commemoration of 142 years of Anglo-Naga peace treaty on December 07,2022 during the ongoing Hornbill Festival. Chief Minister Neiphi-u Rio graced the occasion as chief guest.
The information and publicity cell, Naga club HQ, Kohima, on the other hand, while acknowledging the Stone-pulling ceremony, said that the “so called Peace Treaty” of March 27, 1880 as reported was because Mezoma was a friendly village to the British govt and so the village made the venue of peaceful agreement. The Naga club venue clarified he various dictionary meanings of “Peace Treaty” and reiterated that there was no peace treaty as such but a “No more fight Agreement” between the British Govt. And the Nagas at Mezoma on March 27, 1880.
It took about six months for this “No more Fight Agreement” after G.H Damant with 65 police personnel and 20 military personnel along with some civilian cooks started to tour Jotsoma, Khonoma and Mezoma as of October 13, 1879.
The party camped at Jotsoma on that night while getting ready to go to Khonoma on the net day. It was then that a Jotsoma interpreter satha senotsu advised Damant not to proceed to Khonoma. However, without paying any heed to the serious warnings G.H. Damant proceeded to Khonoma.
As was the British tradition, Damant hoisted a white flag and tried toreach the Khonoma Fort hoping for a peaceful meeting. Be that as it may, Naga warriors were not at all aware of the significance of a white flag and Damant was killed in the process along with three Damant was killed in the process along with three others.
After this incident, 13(thirteen) villages rose against the British as mentioned by the Naga club information and publicity cell in its“A rejoinder against Mezoma’s claim of Anglo-Naga Peace Treaty” as published in Nagaland Post of December 18, 2022 issue. The British then took to punitive actions against these 13 villages even demolishing them.
Then Pelhu Dolie a renowned warrior of Khonoma organised about 200 warriors and camped at Nakama(is now in Peren district). He led some of warriors to Assam, probably the tea gardens somewhere about Golaghat and killed the British working here along with local workers. By then the British found it necessary to have a peaceful solution and insisted on the presence of Pulhu Dolie on 27th March 1880 at Mezoma.
The British contingent was led by an officer of Captain’s rank and the villagers offered him a chair to sit on and probably Mezoma villagers surprised the captain how in such agreement or covenant between villages an a live cat would expressed down one party on the tail part. And the alive cat would be divided into two with a sharp knife from head to tail and the priest will pronounce the curses that will come upon the village who violated the no more fight agreement or covenant.
Eventually, Pelhu Dolie attired in his full Naga warrior dress accompanied by his bodyguards appeared before the British contingent and the caption stood up and offered his chair for Dolie.
The captain wanted to have the “No more fight Agreement” signed but Dolie declined stating to the effect, “if you have come to control ourhead hunting and honour our village boundaries and your coming to our country is only for peace and if you do not disturb us then we will not disturb you, then you are not my enemy, you can be my friend. So, on this “No More Fight Agreement my word is binding” in the presence of Kienitso Seyie. (It seemed Mr Keneitso Seyie was the contact man).
Infact, this was reiterated to me by Late A.Z.Phizo when i visited him and stayed for two days at his residence in 45 Bromley, Kent England in the year 1983. He also gave me a photo copy of Hatchisong’s record that there was any treaty made with Nagas.
As to the other matters regarding which there are differences between MMK and the information and publicity cell of Naga Club HQ, kohima, it is my fervent request that these be amicably resolved by acknowledging the truth so that our Naga people can record a clear cut history in the interest of our unique traditions.
Last but not least Merry Christmas and Happy New Year to one and all.
Dr N.Kiezienuo

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