Friday, March 24, 2023

Armenian PM critical of Moscow-dominated security pact

Armenia’s prime minister on Tuesday accused the Moscow-dominated security alliance of leaving his country in the cold in the face of a threat of renewed hostilities with neighbouring Azerbaijan.
Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan has been repeatedly critical of what he described as the failure of the Collective Security Treaty Organization, or CSTO, to protect member Armenia amid a standoff with Azerbaijan over Nagorno-Karabakh.
Pashinyan said at a news conference that it wasn’t Armenia that is pulling out of the CSTO, but, on the contrary, “the CSTO is pulling out of Armenia, whether it wishes so or not.”
“We are concerned about that,” Pashinyan said.
He emphasized that “the threat of escalation along Armenia’s border and in Nagorno-Karabakh is very high now,” noting “increasingly aggressive rhetoric from Azerbaijan”.
Tensions between Armenia and Azerbaijan soared in December when Azerbaijani protesters claiming to be environmental activists blocked the so-called Lachin corridor, the main road between Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh, leaving its 120,000 residents short of food and other basic supplies.
Last month, the United Nations’ highest court ordered Azerbaijan to allow the resumption of free movement along the road, but the situation has remained tense.
Nagorno-Karabakh lies within Azerbaijan but has been under the control of ethnic Armenian forces backed by Armenia since a separatist war there ended in 1994. In 2020, Azerbaijani troops routed Armenian forces in six weeks of fighting that ended with a Russia-brokered peace deal allowing Azerbaijan to take a significant part of Nagorno-Karabakh and reclaim nearby areas which had been in Armenian hands for nearly two decades.
During the latest standoff, Pashinyan and other Armenian officials strongly criticised Russia and the Moscow-dominated CSTO for the failure to ensure a free transit via the Lachin corridotor.
Reflecting its irritation with Moscow, Armenia cancelled a planned military exercise by CSTO members set for this year and refrained from naming its representative to the bloc’s leadership.
Russia, which has sought to preserve strong ties with its ally Armenia while also maintaining friendly relations with Azerbaijan, has engaged in a delicate diplomatic balancing act, avoiding any forceful action.
The Kremlin’s clout in the region has become more limited as Russia has focused its resources on the war in Ukraine.


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