- Rest: Get plenty of rest to help your body recover.
- Stay Hydrated: Drink lots of fluids, even if you’re in bed. Hydration is crucial.
- Take Fever Medicine: Use simple fever medicine like paracetamol or acetaminophen.
- Consult a Doctor: Seek medical help if you experience bleeding or bruising (from gums, nose, urine, or stool).
- Prevent Mosquito Bites: Protect yourself to avoid infecting others. Use mosquito repellent, wear long-sleeved clothing, and use mosquito nets while sleeping.
- Isolate Yourself: Isolate and let your family monitor you closely.
- Eliminate Stagnant Water: Regularly check and remove stagnant water in your surroundings to prevent Aedes mosquito breeding.
- Drain Excess Water: Ensure plant pot plates don’t accumulate excess water.
- Secure Windows and Doors: Use wire mesh on windows and doors to keep mosquitoes out.
- Community Awareness: Healthy individuals should also prevent mosquito bites in Dengue-prone areas.
- Avoid Self-Treatment: Do not self-medicate or consult unqualified individuals.
- Medication Caution: Avoid Ibuprofen, Aspirin, and Naproxen sodium, as they may increase bleeding risk.
- Limit Physical Activity: Avoid strenuous physical activities.
- Oral Care: If you have bleeding gums, use a mouthwash instead of brushing your teeth.
- Prevent Breeding Sites: Ensure materials outside your house don’t collect water during the rainy season.
- Mosquito Timing: Avoid sitting outside during early mornings and late evenings when Dengue-causing mosquitoes are active.
- Outbreak Areas: Refrain from visiting areas with Dengue outbreaks.
- Mosquito Protection: When visiting a Dengue patient, take measures to avoid mosquito bites.
- Steroids: Do not use steroids without a prescription; they are not recommended for uncomplicated cases.
- Platelet Transfusion Caution: Avoid unnecessary platelet transfusions. Prophylactic platelet transfusion is not recommended.
- Fogging: Don’t rely solely on fogging, as it has side effects and doesn’t eliminate mosquito eggs and larvae.
- Dengue RDT: Be cautious with Dengue Rapid Diagnostic Tests (RDT); they can produce false positives. Confirm positive cases in sentinel site hospitals (Naga Hospital Kohima and Dimapur District Hospital). GOI & ICMR do not recommend the use of RDT for Dengue diagnosis.
Issued in the interest of public health by NCVBDC
Directorate of Health &Family Welfare