Wednesday, March 22, 2023

Dinesh Gunawardena appointed SL’s PM; 18-member Cabinet sworn in

Dinesh Gunawardena, a veteran politician and a close ally of the Rajapaksa family, was appointed on Friday as Sri Lanka’s prime minister as President Ranil Wickremesinghe swore in his 18-member Cabinet in the hope of ending the political instability and the unprecedented economic crisis in the country.
The Cabinet was sworn in on Wickremesinghe’s first day in office.
Apart from Prime Minister Gunawardena, there are 17 other ministers in the Cabinet. Ali Sabry, who earlier headed the finance ministry, was appointed as foreign minister.
Prime minister Gunawardena has been given an additional portfolio of Public Administration Home Affairs, Provincial Councils and Local Government. The rest of the ministers were retained with their same portfolios while President Wickremesinghe continues to hold the ministry of finance.
Wickremesinghe said he was taking steps to form an all-party government to handle the island’s worst-ever economic crisis.
The crisis and its public revolt ousted former President Gotabaya Rajapaksa, paving way for Wickremesinghe to be appointed through Parliament for the rest of his term.
A stalwart of Sri Lankan politics, Gunawardena, 73, earlier served as the foreign minister and education minister. He was appointed as Home Minister in April by then President Gotabaya Rajapaksa. The prime minister’s post fell vacant after Wickremesinghe, 73, was on Thursday sworn in as the country’s eighth president after Gotabaya Rajapaksa fled the country and then resigned as president.
A schoolmate of President Wickremesinghe, Gunawardena, has held various Cabinet posts in the past.
Born in 1949, Gunawardena is the leader of the Trotskyist majority nationalist Mahajana Eksath Peramuna (MEP), a constituent party of the ruling Sri Lanka Podujana Peramuna (SLPP) party.
He succeeded his father Philip Gunawardena in 1979 to lead the party after returning from the Netherlands where he completed his higher studies.
His father was a prominent figure in the leftist socialist movement in the British era prior to the country’s independence in 1948. The MEP became the ruling alliance in 1956.
Gunawardena entered parliament for the first time in 1983 from the populous Colombo suburb of Maharagama and became a leading opposition figure until 1994.
He became a Cabinet minister for the first time in 2000. He continued in senior cabinet positions until 2015.
He is a widower and has one son, who is also a Member of Parliament.
The appointment of the new Cabinet came hours after Sri Lankan security forces cleared a protest camp near the presidential palace and made several arrests.
Wickremesinghe, who was on Thursday sworn in as the country’s eighth president after he won a parliamentary ballot, earlier said he intends to take legal action against protesters who continue to occupy the President’s Office.
The new government faces the task of leading the country out of its economic collapse and restoring order after months of mass protests.

Security forces raid anti-govt protest camp at Prez’s Secretariat

Colombo, Jul 22 (PTI): Sri Lankan security forces raided the main anti-government protest camp at the President’s Secretariat here early on Friday, arresting nine people and injuring several others, as the protesters continued to occupy the sensitive area despite the resignation of Gotabaya Rajapaksa as president.
The decision to evict the anti-government protesters came a day after Ranil Wickremesinghe was sworn in as president after ex-president Rajapaksa fled the country last week. The police, with the help of three armed forces and the Special Task Force, arrested the suspects aged between 26 and 58 as it evacuated the protesters staying in the Presidential Secretariat office, its main entrance, and around the offices in the Colombo Fort, The Daily Mirror Lanka reported.
According to the police, the Crime Scene Investigation Officers (SOCO) and fingerprint analysts will be called to the President’s Secretariat to obtain scientific evidence and the arrested people will be produced in court on Friday.
The police said they were investigating under the supervision of the Colombo (Central) Senior Superintendent of Police (SSP) as protesters, who blocked entry to the President’s Office since April 9, said they would continue their struggle till Wickremesinghe resigned.
Police and special task force personnel forced them out on Friday when less than 100 of them were present. The protesters had vacated the President and Prime Minister’s residences and the Prime Minister’s office earlier after capturing them on July 9, but they were still occupying some rooms of the President’s secretariat at the Galle Face.
The protesters returned to Colombo on Wednesday after Parliament voted in six-time Prime Minister Wickremesinghe as the country’s new president.
They refused to accept Wickremesinghe, 73, as the new president, holding him partly responsible for the country’s unprecedented economic and political crisis. The protesters, who had been camping at the Secretariat’s gate since April 9 when they started their anti-government protest which resulted in Rajapaksa’s resignation as president last week, posted on social media on Thursday that they were planning to end their protest by 2 pm on Friday.
“There was a debate that we should respect the Constitution and stop this protest,” said a spokesman of the group.
However, the main protest group which blocked entry to the President’s Office since April 9, said they would continue their struggle till Wickremesinghe resigned.
Our victory would come only when we are able to form the people’s Assembly,” Lahiru Weerasekera, a group spokesman said.
Meanwhile, international concern mounted, with Ambassadors and High Commissioners posted in Colombo expressing worry over the Friday morning raid.
US Ambassador to Sri Lanka Julie Chung said she was deeply “concerned about actions taken against protestors at Galle Face in the middle of the night”.
“We urge restraint by authorities and immediate access to medical attention for those injured,” the Ambassador tweeted.
British High Commission to Sri Lanka Sarah Hulton also tweeted that she was concerned about reports from the Galle Face protest site.
She added in a tweet that her stance on the importance of peaceful protest was clear.
The Official Twitter handle of the European Union in Sri Lanka said the “freedom of expression” was essential to the current transition to power in the crisis-hit island nation, and added that it was hard to see how restricting the [freedom of expression] severely could help in finding solutions to the current political and economic crises.
Wickremesinghe, who was sworn in as the eighth President of Sri Lanka on Thursday, said last night that the occupation of government buildings was illegal, warning that legal action would be taken against their occupiers.
The new president said he would extend support to the peaceful protesters but would be tough on those who try to promote violence under the guise of peaceful protests.
Protesters set Wickremesinghe’s personal residence on fire and occupied his office during protests last week.
Wickremesinghe has made arrangements to swear in his Cabinet on Friday at the Prime Minister’s office. Such ceremonies usually take place in the Secretariat which was under the control of protesters since July 9 when Rajapaksa fled to Male before sending his resignation from Singapore last week.
Rajapaksa was forced to flee the country when a popular uprising due to his mishandling of the economy dealt the final blow. After holding on since April despite the massive protests, Rajapaksa resigned in exile in Singapore.
Sri Lanka, a country of 22 million people, is under the grip of an unprecedented economic turmoil, the worst in seven decades, leaving millions struggling to buy food, medicine, fuel and other essentials.
Schools have been suspended and fuel has been limited to essential services. Patients are unable to travel to hospitals due to the fuel shortage and food prices are soaring.
In several major cities, including Colombo, hundreds are forced to stand in line for hours to buy fuel, sometimes clashing with police and the military as they wait.
The country, with an acute foreign currency crisis that resulted in foreign debt default, announced in April that it was suspending nearly USD 7 billion foreign debt repayment due for this year out of about USD 25 billion due through 2026. Sri Lanka’s total foreign debt stands at USD 51 billion.

Army soldiers clear anti-government protest camps after an eviction of protesters from the presidential secretariat premise in Colombo, Sri Lanka, Friday. (AP/PTI)

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