Tuesday, March 21, 2023

‘Infection’ most prevalent ailment in Nagaland: Survey

‘Infection’ was the most prevalent ailment among both genders in both rural (48 per 1000 persons) and urban (29 per 1000 persons) sectors, according to the National Sample Survey (NSS) 75th round.
NSS 75th Round reports on Household Social Consumption: Health and Household Social Consumption: Education, were released by advisor to CM, Abu Metha, in the conference hall of economics & statistics directorate, Kohima on August 18, 2022.
National Sample Survey, which presents key state level parameters on health and education in Nagaland pertaining to the period July 2017-June 2018, found that about 6% of the rural population and nearly 5% of the urban population reported as ailing during a 15-day reference period.
It also found that 83% of ailments in rural areas and 66% in urban areas were treated at government/public hospitals. About 85% of women received pre-natal care and 76% received post-natal care in both rural and urban areas. Around 55% of the aged population (60 years & above) in rural areas and 72% in urban areas were economically independent.
The survey found that 100% of children aged 0-5 years in rural areas and 99% in urban areas had received some vaccination.
Survey on Household Social Consumption on Education in Nagaland found that nearly 87% of households in rural areas and 73% of households in urban areas reported availability of primary school within 1 km from the house.
It also found that 5.4% of persons aged 15 years and above were ‘not literate’ while 14.2% were literate up to primary level and 15.2% were Graduate and above.
Nearly 64% of males and 54% of females in the age group 3-35 years were currently attending education, the survey found.
Estimated male population between age 3 to 35 years was 401000 (304000 in rural & 97000 in urban) while that of female was 331000 (251000 in rural & 80000 in urban). National Sample Surveys are large scale sample surveys on various socio-economic subjects conducted perennially by the National Statistical Office (NSO) since its inception in 1950. The directorate of economics and statistics Nagaland has been participating in the nation-wide survey since 1972.
Survey on household social consumption related to health forms a vital source of primary data on the subject for the State and the country as a whole. The survey gathers basic information on the health sector like morbidity, profile of ailments including treatment, role of government and private facilities in providing health care, expenditure on medicines, medical consultation, investigation, hospitalization and expenditure thereon, maternity and childbirth, the condition of the aged, etc.
NSS on Household Social Consumption related to Education is the primary source of data for generating various indicators on education like level of education, attendance, incentives received by the students, expenditure on education, etc. These are used in decision support, policy inferences and analysis.


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