Friday, December 9, 2022

Political chaos in the United Kingdom

During the last four months, the British public has witnessed a lot, with change of three prime ministers, four chancellors of exchequer and two monarchs, it definitely is taking a toll on the political scene of the country.
British Prime Minister Liz Truss resigned as UK prime minister and leader of the Conservative Party on 20th October after reading out a statement outside No. 10, Downing Street. She said she was doing so because she could not deliver the mandate on which she was elected as the Tory leader, just 46 days before.
This brings the curtains down on her 44 days tenure as a prime minister, the shortest ever for any British prime minister. The final act was preceded by a period of immature and unviable decisions, taking the British public for granted and backstabbing and infighting amongst Conservative Party members.
The story more or less unfolded on the same lines as it happened during the last days of the previous prime minister Boris Johnson. In BoJo’s case the crisis was precipitated by the resignation of his Chancellor of Exchequer, Rishi Sunak and in Truss’s case it snowballed after the resignation of her Home Secretary Suella Braverman.
The stormy days
Liz Truss, who assumed office on 6th September, assured the electorate that her government will “ride out the storm” together and she’ll do everything to bring the living costs down by imposing a cap on energy prices for the next two years.
But her Chancellor of Exchequer, Kwasi Kwarteng who presented a mini-budget on 23rd September, completely rattled the markets. His suggestions included abolishing the 45% rate on earnings over £150,000, and government plans to borrow around £2bn annually.
The not so mini fiscal plan that was intended to boost UK growth, spooked the investors, and sent the pound to a record low against the dollar. Sterling’s fall produced higher import prices, and concerns about skyrocketing borrowing costs.
It also forced the Bank of England to take emergency measures, committing to buy £65bn in bonds to calm gilt markets after a sell-off – which is due to end on 14 October.
Liz Truss’ mini-budget was seen as overly aggressive, with her tax proposals and spending initiatives viewed as unsustainable, moreover these cuts were unfunded and affected the investors and market’s confidence in the U.K. economy.
To undo the damage Truss in an unprofessional manner fired her Chancellor and she has been reported as saying that she was forced to do so to save her own skin.
She further pulled another rabbit out her the hat on Friday 14th October when she unexpectedly sacked her Chancellor Kwasi Kwarteng who was summoned to return early from the annual IMF summit in Washington.
She replaced Kwarteng with Jeremy Hunt, who made a complete U-turn and abolished majorly all proposals of his predecessor. Thus, with this, her humiliation was complete. Her public standing and political savvy took a severe hit.
Another blow was served when her Home Secretary Suella Braverman resigned on 19th October, after backpedalling furiously on her statement calling Indians the biggest visa overstayers in the UK.
This coupled with other related issues also casted doubts on the finalisation of the Free Trade Agreement (FTA) with India before Diwali, a promise much touted by both BoJo and Truss.
But the failure of her fleeting leadership was really written by financial markets. Investors immediately protested her disastrous “growth plan” when it was revealed in September.
Now who?
The contest to find the next Tory leader and PM has been kick started; the most important man to play a major role in this is Sir Graham Brady, chairman of the Conservative Party’s 1922 Committee, who says that that a shorter contest may give a result by next Friday. Current Chancellor Jeremy Hunt has refused to run but Rishi Sunak, Boris Johnson and Penny Mordaunt are all seen as contenders.
Though Rishi seems to a current favourite of the bookies, yet his policies seem to more in tune with the market forces and no sympathy could be expected from him to overhaul the crumbling social care, health and public housing sectors in Britain.
Other names being floated are Defence Secretary Ben Wallace, International Trade Secretary Kemi Badenoch, Foreign Secretary James Cleverly and recently resigned Home Secretary Suella Braverman.
Meanwhile, there have been unconfirmed reports that veteran Tory, Michael Gove, one of Truss’s fiercest critics, and Tom Tugendhat – who have both run in previous contests – have ruled out standing this time.
On the other hand the opposition Labour Party smelling blood has called for a general election. In a statement on Twitter on 20th October, UK Labour Party’s leader Keir Starmer said the British people deserve “so much better” than this “revolving door of chaos, each one of these crises was made in Downing Street but paid for by the British public.
Each one has left our country weaker and worse off; the Tories cannot respond to their latest shambles by yet again simply clicking their fingers and shuffling the people at the top without the consent of the British people.”
To a certain extent Starmer seems right. But if we peep a little bit more deeply in history, then these chaos in the U.K. unfolded with the onset of the Brexit saga. The public was fed falsified accounts of how the country would benefit from the economic boom and clutches of EU’s red tape, if the U.K. left the E.U.
We saw an unwelcome ear of Theresa May’s rule, followed by Boris Johnson’s quirky style of leadership and then a nervous and uninspiring leadership by Truss. These all point to a lack of courage or clear principled politicking by the Conservatives.
The Conservatives seems to have taken the electorate for granted and in fact they have elected two prime ministers without going back to the public and both have been shown the door unceremoniously. And now they are ready to thrust a third unelected prime minister on the British public and God forbid if that person also ends up to be a non-performer then the Conservatives would have written their own epitaph.
Asad Mirza is a political commentator based in New Delhi. He was also associated with BBC Urdu Service and Khaleej Times of Dubai. He writes on Indian Muslims, educational, international affairs, interfaith and current affairs. (www.asadmirza.in)

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