Tuesday, December 6, 2022

Prepare for NDA 2023 Written Exam with Top Preparation Strategies

NDA is a very competitive exam that takes place twice a year. The candidates need to prepare both academically and physically to be selected. There are two stages in NDA selection process- written exam and SSB Interview. The notification for NDA 1 2023 is going to be released in December 2022 which will be followed by the written exam in April 2023. On the other hand the NDA 2 notification will be out in May 2023 for the exam to be conducted in September 2023. The details about NDA eligibility criteria, vacancy and others are given in the official notification.

  • Release of NDA 1 2023 Notification- December 21, 2022
  • Beginning of NDA 1 Application- December 21, 2022
  • End of NDA 1 Application- January 10, 2023
  • NDA 1 2023 Exam Date- April 16, 2023
  • Release of NDA 2 2023 Notification- May 17, 2023
  • Beginning of NDA 2 Application- May 17, 2023
  • End of NDA 2 Application- June 06, 2023
  • NDA 2 2023 Exam Date- September 03, 2023

NDA written exam consists of two sections- Mathematics and General Ability Test. The total marks for each of the written exam and the SSB Interview are 900. The details about the marks division of the written exam are listed below. The duration of the NDA written exam is 2.5 hours for each section.

  • Mathematics (120 questions)- 300 marks
  • General Ability Test (150 questions)- 600 marks

NDA Written Exam Preparation Tips

Based on the NDA syllabus, there are multiple subjects that are included in the GAT section of the written exam. The preparation strategies for Mathematics and all the topics of GAT are the following.


Mathematics is a very important for NDA exam. Speed and accuracy are important for this section. Thus, the candidates must be thorough will all the formulas and shortcuts. Regular practice is another requirement for this section. The candidates should solve old NDA question papers and take mock tests. National Defence Academy and Naval Academy by RS Aggarwal is a good book to practice this section.


English is part of the General Ability Test section of the exam. It contains 50 questions for 200 marks. Good vocabulary, and grammatical and comprehension skills are the necessities of this portion of the exam. The candidates must cover each topic of the syllabus including synonyms and antonyms, fill in the blanks, spot the errors, para jumbles, etc. They should also inculcate a habit of reading and engaging in English Language enhancing activities. There are many resources on the internet like interactive mobile applications that help individuals in improving their language skills.


The syllabus for Physics is pretty extensive. The ones carrying the most marks are Ohm’s Law, Mass, Force, and Momentum. The candidates must note down all the important formulas and definitions and revise them everyday. They should focus on both theoretical, as well as, numerical portion to score high marks. To ace the numerical portion, the candidates must solve as many sums for each formula as possible.


This section mainly comprises of formulas and reactions. It consists of questions from school level and thus NCERT books are good for preparations. The main topics are elements, compounds, mixtures, physical and chemical changes, acids, bases, salts, chemical equations, properties of air & water, laws of chemical reactions, oxidation, reduction, atom, atomic equivalent, molecular weight, carbon and its forms, valency, mole concept, preparation of substances like soap, glass, cement, fertilizers, preparation and properties of hydrogen, oxygen and carbon dioxide. Some questions in this sections are repeated over the years, thus the candidates must solve the question papers of multiple years to understand the pattern better.


Biology is another section that ask questions from school level. It is easier to memorize the topics using bullets and summaries. The candidates can use school books and online resources like tutorial videos to prepare notes. Some of the important topics in this section are cells and tissues, human body and organs, living and non-living organisms, common epidemics, balanced diet and food as an energy, etc.

History and Geography

NCERT books for Classes IX and X are the best for preparing this section. They contain all the topics for this portion of the syllabus. The History questions requires memorizing the dates thus the candidates must list them and revise them regularly. For better understanding of Geography’s concepts, the candidates can watch videos and diagrams available on the internet. To understand the question pattern, solving mock tests and question papers is advised.

Current Affairs

The questions are asked related to the current events in India and around the world. Thus, the candidates must read newspapers, blogs, journals, magazines, and/or other sources of latest news. It is suggested that they make short and precise notes for relevant events which will help them in revision. The topics to focus on are politics, sports, eminent personalities, cinema, awards and recognitions, cultural events, government rules and policies, science and technological breakthrough, countries and prime ministers/presidents, countries and capitals, finance and banking, etc.

Above are some of the NDA exam preparation tips that are followed and recommended by experts and toppers. Sparsh Kankane (AIR 1 NDA 2018) suggests that practicing previous years’ question papers for understanding the question pattern. On the other hand, Piyush Thorve (AIR 16 NDA 2019) believes that NCERT books are the best resources for NDA preparations. However, the candidates must figure out what strategies suit them the best for effective preparations and follow the same.

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