Friday, December 9, 2022

Provide and protect

India celebrates Children’s Day on November 14 to commemorate the birth anniversary of the first Prime Minister of India Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. This day marks the 133rd birth anniversary of Pandit Nehru who was born in 1889 in Allahabad, India. Children’s Day is celebrated across India to raise awareness about the rights, education, and welfare of children. Nehru, fondly called ‘Chacha Nehru’ was born on November 14, 1889. He was known for his affection for kids.Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru died in the year of 1964 and since then, to commemorate his birth anniversary, Children’s Day has been celebrated on November 14. He was a great advocate for children’s right and for an all-inclusive education system where knowledge is accessible to all. India’s first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru once said, “The children of today will make the India of tomorrow. The way we bring them up will determine the future of the country” Earlier, Children’s Day was celebrated in India on November 20, the day World Children’s Day is celebrated by the United Nations. However, after the death of Jawaharlal Nehru, a resolution was passed in Parliament to mark his birthday as Children’s Day.Children’s Day is celebrated across India to raise awareness about the rights, education, and welfare of children. It is celebrated on 14 November every year on the birthday of the First Prime Minister of India, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, who was known to have been fond of children. According to UNICEF a child victim of trafficking is any person under 18 who is recruited, transported, transferred, harboured or received for the purpose of exploitation, either within or outside a country. Female children are trafficked for marriage, sex-work, criminal activity, adoption and organ trade whereas male children are trafficked mainly for labour and exploited as beggars. Sometimes, trafficked children are also recruited into armed groups or for criminal activity. The core child protection legislation for children is enshrined in four main laws: The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection) Act (2000, amended in 2015); The Prohibition of Child Marriage Act (2006); The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act (2012), and The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act (1986).Hunger, malnutrition and disease are common features of their lives. 14 per cent of them die before the age of one. The survivors are forced to start work early in life. As hawkers, sweepers, canteen boys, shoe-shine boys – they give India the world’s largest child labour force. Child trafficking or child labour are uncommon even in Nagaland as reported in the media in recent decades. Poverty as well as lack of opportunities have been among the factors that have led to child trafficking and child labour. Children’s day is a reminder on society about the vulnerability of children especially those coming from the lowest economic strata. Inequality, corruption and political interference in the system has also contributed to a large extent to making children vulnerable. It is not that only children from the lowest economic strata are vulnerable since even those from the upper strata are as vulnerable to all kinds of vices. It is on this aspect, that parenting at home and a responsive system can best serve the lot of all children, which should be the message on the occasion of children’s day; since they are the wealth of society and the nation.

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