Sunday, January 29, 2023

State level training on ‘springshed management’

A three-day state level training on “springshed management” concluded on December 15 at the Conference Hall of State Institute of Rural Development (SIRD).
A press release by the Department of Land Resources (DoLR) Kohima stated that the training was organised by North Eastern Institute of Water and Land Management (NERIWALM), Tezpur, in collaboration with Central Ground Water Board -NER (CGWB), Guwahati, National Institute of Hydrology (NIH), Roorkee, department of Water Resources, River Development (RD) and Ganga Rejuvenation (GR), Ministry of Jal Shakti, government of India and DoLR, government of Nagaland.
At the inaugural programme on December 13, DoLR director, A. Pangjung Jamir, expressed the hope that the training would help in the implementation of water related programmes in the state. He also highlighted about the springshed development programmes being taken up by the DoLR in the state.
In a short address, senior scientistic- NER, T. Rajababu said that springs were the primary source of water for the rural households in hilly areas. He said that 80-90% of the total Himalayan region depend on springs and therefore the government of India has taken up several initiatives in collaboration with different states to ensure water security.
Head, NIH, NERC, Dr. S. V. Vijayakumar stressed on the interconnection of springs and impact of other developmental activities taking place in the springshed areas, and on maintaining the national database of springs in a systematic way. A short video clip on “Springshed Management in Nagaland- a strategy for climate proofing” was also shown during the inaugural function.
The first technical session of the day was on the topic “Hydrological Overview of Country and Water Budgeting for effective Water Resources Management” by scientist G, NIH, NERC, Guwahati, Dr. S. V. Vijaya Kumar. The second session on the topic, “Overview of springs: importance, problems, genesis and types” was taken up by NIH, Roorkee, Dr. S. S. Rawat while scientist B, CGWB, Shashinlo Kent spoke on “Hydrology with special reference to springs in NE States” during the third session. The fourth session on the topic, “Mapping of geological features in context of genesis of springs” was addressed by scientist B, CGWB, Mophi Mili while scientist B, NIH, Dr. Deepak Singh Bisht spoke on data requirement for spring inventorization and application of open-source tool for field data collection” during the last session of the first day.
The second day of the training started with the technical session “Water Chemistry and Geo- chemical analysis of spring water” by scientist, CGWB, NER, Guwahati, Dr. Keisham Radhapyari. The second day of the training ended with a field visit to the Thizama Village Springhed area for hands-on training on field data collection by using KoboCollect app, and water quality testing of spring waters.
The third day of the training started with a technical session on the topic, “estimation of spring aquifer and dynamic storage of springs by scientist C, CGWB, Dr. Dipjyoti Khound.
During the second technical session, scientist, CGWB-NER, Guwahati, Dr. M. Panner spoke on the topic “Water conservation efforts for sustainability of springs”. The third technical session on the topic “Technique for springshed mapping” and fourth technical session on “Spring vulnerability mapping “was addressed by scientist E, NI, Dr S.S. Rawat. The last technical sessions on “management and visualization of field data on QGIS” was taken up by Scientist B, NIH, Dr. Deepak Singh Bisht.

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